Quitting Smoking and Weight Gain - FAQs
Let's take a look at what you can do to keep your weight under control as you go through the process of recovery from nicotine addiction.
Why do people gain weight when they quit smoking?
Smoking increases metabolism slightly:
- Smoking burns up to 200 calories a day in a heavy smoker.
- Because smoking burns calories, metabolism is boosted (increased) slightly.
- Nicotine is an appetite suppressant.
Why do I want to eat more?
Smoking cessation throws our bodies into shock initially. Increased appetite is a side effect of quitting tobacco for most people.
- Cigarettes as an appetite suppressant.
Smokers often avoid between meal snacking by lighting up. Nicotine is a stimulant, and may also interfere with the release of the hormone insulin. Insulin controls glucose levels in the blood. When this function is blocked, a person will become slightly hyperglycemic, and as a result, the body and brain may slow down the hormones and other signals that trigger feelings of hunger.
- Food as a replacement for smoking.
Early on in a person's quit, the urge to smoke is frequent and uncomfortable. Most of us feel the loss of the hand-to-mouth action of smoking acutely, and food often seems like a reasonable replacement. This can lead to overeating and weight gain though, so it's better to find a healthier substitute for smoking.
- Dopamine and the urge to snack.
Nicotine and food share a common chemical reaction in our brains: the release of dopamine. Dopamine is called the "feel good" hormone because it creates a sense of well-being. When nicotine is no longer in the picture, many of us to turn to food for that boost. The emotional comfort food gives us is a result of this chemical reaction in the brain.
- Exercise also releases dopamine, so consider using it as a way of improving your mood and minimizing cravings. It will have the added benefit of helping you to speed up a sluggish metabolism and avoid weight gain as well; a win every way you look at it.
What can I do to avoid gaining weight when I quit smoking?
There are a number of choices you can make to minimize weight gain:
As mentioned above, exercise releases dopamine, and is a great way to stave off cravings to smoke. It can also help you keep your weight stable. Shoot for at least a half hour of exercise, 5 days a week. It doesn't have to be a high intensity aerobic workout - a brisk 30 minute walk around your neighborhood will work wonders for your body, mind and soul.
Put snacks together ahead of time so that when the munchies hit, you've got good food choices within easy reach:
- vegetable sticks - celery, carrot
- 94% fat free popcorn
- sunflower seeds in the shell
- Water - drink lots of it!
- hard candies to suck on
- fresh fruit
- fat free yogurt
- herbal teas
- hot cocoa made with nonfat milk
- frozen grapes
- fat free fudgecicles
Not only is alcohol high in calories, it can be a huge trigger to smoke. For many people, smoking and drinking go together like a hand in a glove. Avoid the empty calories in alcohol, but more importantly, don't put yourself at risk of relapse by drinking early in your quit.
One Challenge at a Time
People who quit smoking often decide it's time to clean their lives up in other areas as well. That's great, but be careful. If you try to do too many self-improvement projects at once, you run the risk of failing at all of them.
Keep these points in mind:
- Be good to yourself. Quitting tobacco is a huge accomplishment, and you should reward yourself for your progress often. Don't underestimate the magnitude of what you are doing.
- Be patient. Quitting smoking is a process over time. It doesn't happen overnight, but in comparison to the number of years most of us smoked, recovery from this addiction is short. Give yourself the time you need to heal.
- Accept yourself. You are a wonderful person just as you are right now.
Weight can be lost, lungs cannot.